Common Pediatric Eye Diseases

There are many eye conditions that can affect a child’s vision. Some common conditions include: Amblyopia, Strabismus, Ptosis, Conjunctivitis, Chalazion, Cellulitis, and Blocked Tear Ducts.

  • Amblyopia: A condition where the eye or eyes appear normal but for some reason the eye doesn’t see well. Amblyopia can be caused by refractive conditions, strabismus, ptosis or cataracts
  • Strabismus: The eyes are misaligned. There are essentially 3 different types, esotropia (eye crossing), exotropia (eye turning out) or Hypertropia (eye turning up). Strabismus can cause Amblyopia.
  • Ptosis: The eyelid is droopy. If the lid covers the pupil, it can cause amblyopia
  • Conjunctivitis: Red Eyes. Can be caused by allergies, infections or systemic diseases.
  • Chalazion: Chronic Stye. Caused by oil, secreted by the Meibomian glands, clogging the pores. Treated with Warm Compresses, Lids Scrubs, and possible excision
  • Cellulitis: An infection of the eyelid skin. There are 2 types involving the eyelid: Pre-septal and Orbital cellulitis. Orbital cellulitis is a surgical emergency. It involves an infection in the muscle cone, behind the eye. The patient would have difficulty moving the eye and the eye would be painful. Pre-septal cellulitis needs to be emergently treated to prevent orbital cellulitis from occurring.
  • Blocked Tear Duct: Presents with a teary eye without concurrent redness. If congenital, needs to be treated shortly after the children are 1 with surgery. Can be temporarily caused by nasal congestion, as in the common cold.

I hope this helps. Childhood eye diseases can be confusing. Please do not hesitate to see one of our Pediatric Ophthalmologists at North Shore Eye Care/Sight MD

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