Although uveitis is defined as inflammation of the uvea, or uveal tract (iris, ciliary body and choroid), it can occur in any part of the eye including the retina, vitreous, cornea, sclera, optic nerve and lens. It can occur secondary to infection, autoimmune disorders (which causes the body to attack its own tissues), or sometimes for unknown reasons. A majority of uveitis cases are usually not associated with coexisting systemic disease and hence are referred to as idiopathic. At SightMD, Dr. John Mauro is a fellowship trained uveitis specialist. Dr. Mauro is one of very few uveitis experts in Long Island.
Uveitis is a serious eye condition and can rapidly damage the eye. Uveitis is the third leading cause of blindness worldwide. It can cause long-term, vision-threatening complications, such as glaucoma, macula edema and cataracts. Some patients have only one or two episodes of uveitis. Others may have periodic recurrences over months to years.
Diagnosis and Treatment
The diagnosis and treatment is based on the symptoms and a complete ocular and physical examination. Depending on the suspicion for certain diseases that may also affect other parts of the body or organs, appropriate tests are done. There are many viruses, bacteria, fungi and parasites that may cause uveitis including Lyme disease, Syphillis, Toxoplasmosis, Herpes simplex virus, Shingles (varicella-zoster virus) and Tuberculosis. Autoimmune disorders that may cause uveitis include; Ankylosing Spondylitis, Antiphospholipid Syndrome, Addison’s Disease, Behcet’s Disease, Crohn’s Disease, Dermatomyositis, Lupus, Fibromyalgia, Grave’s Disease, Hepatitis, HLA-B27 disease, Juvenile Arthritis, Multiple Sclerosis, Myasthenia Gravis, Polyarteritis Nodosa, Polymyalgia Rheumatica, Psoriasis, Reactive Arthritis (Reiter’s Syndrome), Rheumatoid Arthritis, Sarcoidosis, Scleroderma, Sjogren’s Syndrome, Ulcerative Colitis, Wegener’s Granulomatosis. It is recommended that any patient with a history of an autoimmune disorder should be evaluated by an eye doctor or uveitis specialist regularly.
At SightMD, our eye doctors and eye surgeons are experts in cataract and LASIK. We also have a glaucoma specialist, a cornea specialist, and a uveitis specialist. If you have been diagnosed with uveitis or other ocular inflammatory disease, contact SightMD today and see Dr. John Mauro, uveitis and ocular inflammation specialist.