What is Dysport?
Lines and wrinkles are helpful when expressing emotion but over time, those lines may become more permanent and stay visible even when we’re not trying to express emotion at all. Dysport (abobotulinumtoxin A) is an injection for wrinkle treatment. This noninvasive procedure temporarily decreases muscle movement in the target areas to soften the appearance of glabellar lines, the vertical wrinkles most prominent on your forehead in between your eyebrows. It’s also sometimes used for certain medical conditions.
Dysport was originally approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 2009. You may be a candidate for Dysport if you want to treat glabellar wrinkles and you’re under the age of 65.
How Does Dysport Work?
Dysport belongs to a class of injections called neuromodulators. Other injections in this class include Botox and Xeomin. All use a form of botulinum toxin, but they’re used to target different areas of your face. Neuromodulators like Dysport reduce the appearance of lines by relaxing and limiting the movement of muscles around the injection site. Your doctor injects a small amount of the substance directly into your muscle and as your muscles relax, the skin above them becomes smoother, thereby reducing wrinkles. It’s important to note that these effects are only temporary. Decreasing movement is meant to prevent the formation or deepening of wrinkles, which are caused by repetitive movement over time, along with heredity and aging.
Targeted Areas For Dysport
Dysport targets glabellar lines which are the vertical wrinkles are located on your forehead. They most often start to form in between your eyebrows during early adulthood and as you age, they can become more prominent due to decreased elasticity. They can also become more noticeable when you squint, giving you a frowning or angry appearance. Dysport is intended for people who have moderate to severe glabellar lines only. If you have mild wrinkles of this nature, you may not qualify for this type of procedure.
Dysport injections are given in your doctor’s office. During the procedure, your doctor may inject Dysport in five different areas around your forehead and eyebrows. To prevent pain, your doctor may apply a small amount of topical anesthetic. You might feel slight pressure from the injections, but the overall procedure shouldn’t cause any significant pain or discomfort. The procedure itself takes minutes. Most of the time spent at your doctor’s office involves preparation. Unless any side effects occur, you can leave immediately after your Dysport injections are complete. Your doctor will provide follow-up instructions. This includes a recommended timeline for redoing the procedure in a few months’ time.
What to Expect
You can go home immediately after Dysport injections and while you might experience slight side effects, there’s virtually no recovery time needed. You may see results as soon as two days after treatment, and these can last for up to four months. Since these effects aren’t permanent, you’ll need more injections after a few months to maintain smoothness in your forehead.
Take care to avoid rubbing the site of the injections, as this can increase your risk for side effects and the spread of the toxin. You’ll also want to wait at least two hours before exercise and other forms of physical activity.
Are There Any Risks or Side Effects?
Despite the efficacy of Dysport, there are risks and side effects to consider. Some of these side effects are mild and tend to resolve on their own. These include:
- pain at the injection site
- allergic reactions at injection site, such as rash and hives
- sinus issues
- sore throat
- eyelid swelling
- upper respiratory tract infection
Call your doctor if any of these symptoms worsen or don’t subside within a day or two.
While rare, Dysport carries the risk of being transported to other parts of your body from the initial injection site. This is known as the “distant spread of toxin effect.” It can cause botulinum toxicity, which may cause:
- breathing and swallowing difficulties
- blurry or double vision
- droopy eyelids
- muscle weakness
- difficulty speaking
- urinary incontinence
If you’re experiencing any of the above symptoms, call your doctor immediately. You may need emergency medical treatment to prevent the further spread of Dysport.